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Nivel A Gramática Lección 3: Imperativos

Jill February 16, 2021

Definition: Imperatives are verbs that we use to give orders, commands,warning or instructions, and make a request. 

Examples:

  • Pass me that bread, please.

To make the imperative, use the infinitive of the verb without “to”:

For Examples:

  • Come here!
  • Sit down!

To make an imperative negative, put “do not” or “don’t” before the verb:

Examples:

  • Don’t do that!
  • Do not walk on the grass.

You can use “let’s” before the verb if you are including yourself in the imperative. The negative of “let’s” is “let’s not”.

Examples:

  • Let’s stop here.
  • Let’s eat some lunch.
  • Let’s not fight about it. 
  • Let’s not tell her about it.

Orders
Adults do not usually give each other orders, unless they are in a position of authority. However, adults can give orders to children and to animals. The intonation of an order is important: each word is stressed, and the tone falls at the end of the sentence:

Examples:

  • Sit down now!
    * “Sit”, “down” and “now” are all stressed, and the tone falls on “now”.

Warnings
You can use the imperative to warn someone of danger. All the words in the warning are stressed, but the last word has a higher tone than the first word:

For example:

  • Sit down now!
    * “Sit”, “down” and “now” are all stressed, and the tone falls on “now”.
  • Watch out!
  • Look out!
  • Don’t cross!

Advice
When you give advice using the imperative, the words are stressed normally.

For example:

  • Don’t tell him you’re resigning now! Wait until Monday when he’s in a better mood.
  • Don’t drink alcohol
  • Don’t eat heavy meals

Requests
You can also use the imperative to make a request, but you should use a polite word before the verb:

For example:

  • Please take a seat.
  • Please wait here.
  • Please hold the line.
  • Please don’t smoke here.

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